They feed on roots, bulbs, tuber and bark. Diet: Variety of plants, roots, and fruit. However they'll occasionally… Find out more about porcupines, their threats in the wild, porcupine diet, unique behaviours, conservation and the porcupines who call Fife Zoo home. A captive H. indica eating plant material. Hilly, rocky country, woodland savanna. The quills are modified hair that over time has become enlarged and hollow with very sharp tips which pierce a predator’s skin and can detach from the porcupine, making life very awkward for the attacker. Crested porcupines produce one to two litters (of one to 3 young) per year, depending on whether they live in the wild or in captivity. Movements and diet of crested porcupines in the Maremma Natural Park, central Italy. These porcupines tend to have quite stocky and heavy builds. On these particular arboreal species, quills on the tail are really hard, tough and also points backwards enabling them to stay and climb on the tree branches. The African porcupine is not a climber and forages on the ground. ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store! Their diet consists of tubers, bark, bulbs, fruit, and roots and they can travel up to nine miles per night during their search for food. African crested porcupines eat tubers, bark, bulbs, fallen fruit and cultivated root crops. These porcupines have much longer quills than the North American porcupines you will see in our walkthrough. They can also be nocturnal but this is not as strict as the old world ones and there are species which are active during daytime. Food categories were identified by comparison with either isolated sections of fresh plant material or digested fragments obtained from captive porcupines fed experimentally. Studied was the diet of crested porcupines by faecal analysis in a rural hilly area in central Italy. Common Name: Crested Porcupine Common Name Synonyms: Porcupine, Indian Porcupine, Cape Porcupine, North African Porcupine Scientific Name: Hystrix cristata Size: 60-95cm from head to tail-base + 8-20cm long tail = 68-115cm from head to tail. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Their spines are either flattened or cylindrical in shape and form in clusters on their body as opposed to new world porcupines whose quills are separated rather than bunched together. They’re not really aggressive creatures and will give warning to a threatening presence by shaking their quills, giving off a rattling sound to try and deter any would-be attackers. Diet. 20‑65 lbs . 60 to 93 centimeters in length (23 to 37 inches) Life span. Nocturnal. With its long black and white quills which can reach 50 cm, this animal first of all warns any possible enemies by clicking its quills and also a … Roots predominated in the diet and were consumed at a similar frequency all year round. Diet African Crested porcupines are herbivores (plant eaters), primarily eating roots, tubers*, bark and fallen fruit, and will seek out cultivated root crops like potatoes and carrots, making them agricultural pests. Interesting Facts: • Like other rodents, they have a single pair of sharp, continually growing incisor teeth that they use to gnaw and rip tough plant material. Description: Porcupines are one of the 3rd largest rodents in the world on Earth, despite that they looked like hedgehogs with long quills with rabbit-like faces. • Porcupines often gnaw bones for their minerals and also to sharpen their powerful incisors. Indian porcupines are almost the same size on average as well, being slightly heavier on average than crested porcupine but slightly lighter than Cape porcupines. Cape porcupines are also known to gnaw on bones for calcium as … Cape porcupines measure 63 to 81 centimetres (25 to 32 inches) long from the head to the base of the tail, with the tail adding a further 11–20 centimetres (4.3–7.9 inches). LENGTH. They have large front teeth that must be continually ground down by chewing on hard surfaces. Because they are cecal digesters, they … Habitat The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa Diet Crested porcupines are mostly herbivores, eating roots, bulbs and crops. The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. 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